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    莎士比亚《李尔王》的禅意诠释
     
    [ 作者: 江杏怡   来自:本站原创   已阅:5641   时间:2006-10-11   录入:caosanshang

     

    【资料形态】硕博文库|中国台湾
    【文献属性】[台湾]淡江大学,西洋语文研究所, 1998年度,硕士学位论文
    【文章标题】莎士比亚《李尔王》的禅意诠释
    【英文标题】A Zen Reading of William Shakespeare''s King Lear
    【文章作者】江杏怡
    【指导教师】王名楷
    【文章页数】87页


    【中文关键词】李尔王| 禅学|开悟|出离

    【英文关键词】King Lear| Zen| Enlightenment|detachment


    【中文摘要】

        本论文着墨于《李尔王》与禅学的关联。藉由此关联之阐述,读者能从禅的角度解读剧本涵意,并引导读者进入禅学的思想殿堂。本论文分为三个章节:第一章从禅学的观点解释人烦恼的原因,并分析其与《李尔王》剧中角色之关联性。相似于佛学观点,禅学指出导致人烦恼的内在因素,该剧中角色如李尔 (Lear)、葛谢思特(Gloucester)即是典型例子。第二章探讨《李尔王》其它角色所具备与禅学精神吻合的智能:例如般若智。般若智扬弃文字的介入,强调直觉的重要性,是开悟后的智慧结晶。剧中失明后的葛谢思特(Gloucester)及埃德加(Edgar) 领悟到直觉的重要与智慧。般若智又包含空无的智慧。空无是一切事物的真理,是指一切事物将归于空无。莎士比亚藉由在剧情始末巧妙的安排,指出空无之禅意,并反映出莎翁的开悟。在本章所例举的角色迥然异于第一章中为烦恼而苦的角色;他们已扬弃导致人们烦恼的因素,正走在见心明性的智慧道上。第三章阐释禅学中涅盘境与该剧的关联。涅盘境是禅学的理想境界。人们若具足诸多出离俗世的智慧或能力,即可在 “当下”达到涅盘境。剧中角色如埃德加 (Edgar)、可蒂莉儿(Cordelia)具有若干出离俗世的智慧。再者,涅盘境存在于每个 “当下”。从该剧具备出离智慧的角色中,读者便能发现莎士比亚在刻划该角色的每个 “当下”,心境中的涅盘境。根据本论文的分析,读者大致能将《李尔王》剧中角色分作烦恼及开悟两类。读者在阅读《李尔王》各角烦恼的原因与开悟的智慧后,也能时时察觉自我烦恼的原因,并化烦恼为智慧,即是本论文的写作动机。


    【英文摘要】

         The thesis reveals an intriguing relationship between Zen Buddhism and King Lear. Through the careful examination of this relationship, hopefully, the reader is led to decipher the Zen Buddhist meanings in King Lear.
    The thesis begins with the Zen Buddhist explanation for the causes of human suffering, which could be applied in the behaviors of some characters in King Lear in Chapter One. Lear and Gloucester, for example, suffer for the causes and situate themselves in illusion. Unlike the deluded ones, the rest of the characters in King Lear are endowed with some elements of Zen Buddhist wisdom, such as prajna and the wisdom of emptiness in Chapter Two. After reading King Lear, we can feel that Shakespeare is enlightened by something similar to Zen Buddhist wisdom so that he can create the characters as wise as himself. Further, the ideal world of Nirvana is discussed in Chapter Three. When a person has achieved the necessary elements of detachment, he will be able to enter Nirvana right here and now. In King Lear, Edgar and Cordelia through their own suffering acquire some degree of detachment. As Shakespeare was creating the detached characters, he had surely come close to Nirvana. Hopefully through the concept of living for here and now, the reader is encouraged to use every moment in turning his or her suffering into wisdom. It is also one of the aims of this thesis.



    【论文目次】

    CONTENTS
    Introduction 1
    CHAPTER ONE: THE WORLD OF ILLUSION 10
    1. Lear and Gloucester’s Attachment to Form 10
    2. Lear’s Self-Consciousness 17
    3. Distinction and Dualism in King Lear 21
    4. Edmund, Goneril and Regan’s Erroneous Pursuit of the Good
    24
    CHAPTER TWO: THE WORLD OF ENLIGHTENMENT 33
    1. Self-Forgetfulness 34
    2. Wisdom 36
    3. Rejection of Words and Emphasis on Action 40
    4. Edgar and Gloucester’s Enlightenment and Feeling 43
    5. Calmness and Non-Dualism in Cordelia, Fool and Edgar 46
    6. Emptiness in King Lear 50
    CHAPTER THREE: DETACHMENT AND NIRVANA IN KING LEAR 58
    1. Fool’s Detachment from Ignorance 58
    2. Edgar’s Detachment from Lust 62
    3. Detachment from the Condition of Cause-Effect 65
    4. From Detachment to Buddhahood 68
    5. The Here and Now 76
    Conclusion 80
    Works Cited 84


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